Collecting, Preserving and Teaching
LGBT History of San Diego
1952 - 2010
Christine Jorgensen undergoes male to
female sexual reassignment surgery.
Jose Julio Sarria becomes first
openly gay candidate for public office in USA.
1965International Imperial Court
Dishonorable discharge of Diane Pierce, lesbian,
overturned due to outstanding Naval record.
Stonewall Riots in NYC launched the modern LGBT
Equality movement.DignityUSA, national LGBT Catholic organization,
is founded in San Diego by Augustinian priest
Patrick X. Nidorf.
National March on Washington for Lesbian and Gay
Rights was a large political rally that took
place in Washington, D.C. on October 14, 1979.
The first such march on Washington, it drew
between 75,000 and 125,000 gay men, lesbians,
bisexuals, transgender people, and straight
allies to demand equal civil rights and urge the
passage of protective civil rights legislation.1988
The U.S. Congress passes legislation to provide
$1.1 billion for AIDS research and education.
Oct. 1, 1989:
Eigil and Axel Axgil in Denmark
become the first legally married same-sex couple
in the world.
AIDS Quilt returns to Washington, D.C. – now with
more than 11,000 panels.
Sept. 29, 1989: Governor Pete Wilson goes back
on his promise and vetoes gay-rights bill A.B.
101, sparking the subsequent “October
Revolution” in cities up and down the state of
April 8, 1990:
Ryan White, a 12-year-old who
changed the face of AIDS, dies.
July 19, 1993: President Clinton announces his
new policy on gays in the military called “Don’t
Ask, Don’t Tell.”
Dec. 23, 1993:
Philadelphia, starring Tom Hanks
and Denzel Washington, premieres. The film goes
on to be nominated for five academy awards. Tom
Hanks wins for Best Actor and Bruce Springsteen
for Best Song.
Dec. 31, 1993:
Brandon Teena, transgender teen
who was the subject of the movie Boys Don’t Cry,
is raped and murdered.
Jan 2002: Nearly 140 gay and lesbian couples in
California register as domestic partners when a
new law takes effect that gives registered
same-sex couples many of the same benefits as
March 2002: Pope John Paul II’s spokesperson
Joaquin Navarro-Valls tells The New York Times
that “people with [homosexual] inclinations just
cannot be ordained” as priests.
March 2002: The Kansas supreme court rules that
only marriages between “two parties who are of
the opposite sex” are recognized by the state
legislature. The case involves
a transgender woman who was seeking access to
part of her late husband's estate. The court
says Gardiner is not legally a woman and
therefore cannot be married to a man.
Aug. 2002: AIDS Ride organizer
TeamWorks shuts its doors, laying off more than
Jan. 30, 2003: Belgium becomes second nation to
legalize same-sex marriage.
Sept. 19, 2003: California’s domestic
partnership law is expanded.
Feb. 14, 2004: San Francisco Mayor
orders city officials to grant same-sex couples
May 17, 2004: First couples get married in
July 3, 2005: Spain legalizes same-sex marriage
despite intense pressure from the Vatican.
July 20, 2005: Same-sex marriage is legalized in
all Canadian provinces.
Nov. 30, 2006: South Africa legalizes same-sex
Feb. 2007: Former NBA player
publicly comes out. He is the first NBA player
to publicly disclose he is gay.
Feb. 2007: New York City launches an official
city condom with a subway theme. Health
officials hope to reduce rates of STD
October 2009 –Nearly 150,000 same-sex couples reported
being in marriage relationships last year. About 27% of estimated
564,743 total gay couples in U.S. said they were in a relationship
akin to that of "husband/wife." Nationwide, about 56% of the 149,956
total same-sex marriages in the census survey last year were lesbian
couples. (LL Issue 111 pg.8)
Bill allowing same-sex marriage in D.C.
introduced in Congress. (GLT 10/8/2009 p. 16)
Tens of thousands of gay rights advocates
march on D.C. on 10/10-10/11 2009. They marched from the White House
to the Capitol demanding that President Obama keep his promise of
allowing gays to serve openly in the military and work to end
Lt. Dan Choi, West Point graduate and Iraq war
veteran, who is facing discharge under the "Don’t Ask Don’t Tell"
policy was a speaker at the rally. (GLT 10/15/2009 p.16)
California governor creates a day
honoring Harvey Milk. He is only the 2nd person in state history.
John Muir was the 1st to gain such a distinction.
Harvey Milk Day is
to occur every May 22. (GLT 10/15/2009 p.16)
Windows Media, LLC. files for Ch 7
Bankruptcy. The company produced several LGBT publications including
"Washington Blade" and "Atlantis Southern Voices." (GLT 11/19/2009
p. 8 editorial)
December - "Lesbian Bishop-elect finds support as
well as controversy" Baltimore, MD. Election of Annapolis priest
Mary Glasspool as the first openly lesbian bishop in the worldwide
Anglican Communion drew stern rebuke from Archbishop of Canterbury.
Glasspool is conscious and humbled by the symbolic nature of her
election. (LL Issue 112 pg.9)
"DC City Council votes to legalize gay
marriage" Washington, DC. City Council voted 11-2 on Dec. 15 to
legalize gay marriage in the nation’s capitol. Gay couples could
begin marrying as early as March. Congress has final say but
Democratic leaders are reluctant to reject it. (LL Issue 112 pg.9)
"CA Gov. signs pro-gay bills." CA.
Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger signed Senate Bill 54 requiring
California to validate/recognize same-sex marriages performed
outside of CA before Nov. 5, 2009 when CA voters approved Prop 8,
which amended state constitution protecting heterosexual marriage.
He also signed SB 572, establishing May 22 as Harvey Milk Day in
public schools. (LL Issue 112 pg.9)
"Openly Lesbian Rabbi attends White
House Hanukkah celebrations." Openly lesbian Senior Rabbi,
Sharon Kleinbaum from New York attended White House Hanukkah reception Dec.
17 by invitation from President Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama.
Congregation Beth Simchat Torah bills itself as largest synagogue
for people of all sexual orientations/gender identities stating each
person has "a unique and essential contribution to make to the life
of Judaism and society." (LL Issue 112 pg.9)
Washington, DC City Council votes to
legalize same-sex marriage in the U.S. capitol on Dec. 15. If the
bill becomes law, the district will join Connecticut, Iowa,
Massachusetts, and Vermont on issuing marriage licenses to same-sex
couples. Mayor and Congress expected to approve law without
opposition. (GLT 12/24/2009 p. 16)
Dennis DeLeon. President of the Latino
Commission on AIDS, as well as the New York City Human Rights
Commissioner dies at age 61. DeLeon was one of the first NYC
officials to reveal HIV status. (GLT 12/24/2009 p.18)
Minneapolis assistant police Chief
Sharon Lubinski becomes the first openly gay U.S. Marshal. Lubinski was
confirmed by the U.S. Senate to be the U.S. Marshal for the
Minnesota district. (GLT 12/31/2009 p.18)
First openly gay Mayor in Houston TX.,
Annise Parker, sworn into
office. Her election made the Texas city the largest in the U.S. to
elect an openly gay Mayor. (GLT 01/07/2010 p.16)
Amanda Simpson becomes the first
transgender appointee to the federal government for the Obama
administration. Simpson is appointed to senior technical advisor
with the Department of Commerce. (GLT 01/14/2010 p.16)
Hawaii Senate approves same-sex civil
union bill with an 18-7 vote, moving the bill to the House of
Representatives. (GLT 01/21/2010 p.16)
"Gays to serve openly with President and
Congress approval." On Jan. 27, President Obama proclaimed during
his State of the Union address, "This year, I will work w/ Congress
and our military to finally repeal the law that denies gay Americans
the right to serve the country they love because of who they are."
Under "don’t ask, don’t tell" policy, military can’t ask and members
can’t state their sexual orientation nor can they engage in
homosexual activity or marry member of same sex. (LL Issue 113 pg.9)
February, 2010 - "Can gays raise healthy kids? US
marriage trial asks" Washington, DC. Key question to Prop 8 is
whether government, and U.S. voters have justification for denying
marriage rights to same-sex couples based on healthier families or
whether the ban actually perpetuates discrimination. Psychology
Dept. @ Cambridge University stated children raised by same-sex
couples develop just as well as those from heterosexual couples.
Additionally, new study based on U.S. Census showed children raised
by same-sex couples no more likely to be held back in school. (LL
Issue 113 pg.9)
Hawaii lawmakers declined to vote on bill
that would allow same-sex civil unions. State House leaders decided
to indefinitely postpone decision. (GLT 02/04/2010 p.16)
March, 2010 – "Outrage:
Johnny Weir Deemed Too Gay For
Stars On Ice." GLAAD learned (anonymous source) the sponsor of Stars
on Ice Tour refused to allow 3-time US Nat’l Champion and two-time
Olympian Johnny Weir to participate because he is "not family
friendly," a jab at his perceived sexual orientation. Weir is very
closely involved w/ his family; putting his brother through college
and supporting his family since his father’s disability prohibits
him from working. (LL Issue 114 pg.11)
"Florida Gay Bar Pioneer Dies"
Roverta Boen, woman who opened northeast Florida’s
first gay bar in 1964, died March 9 @ age 86. (LL Issue 114 pg.11)
"Hotel Owner Offers to Host Canceled
Prom, Case Goes to Court" Louisiana. New Orleans hotel owner offered
to host prom for Mississippi high school students whose dance was
canceled due to lesbian student,
McMillen’s request to
wear a tuxedo and bring girlfriend. ACLU demands school officials to
change policy against same-sex prom dates, which violates free
expression rights. (LL Issue 114 pg.11)
"Gay Marriages Expected to Create Jobs
in D.C." As first same-sex couples married March 9, Washington D.C.
now joins pioneer league in gay-rights movement. Study by Williams
Institute predicts legalizing same-sex marriage will create 700 jobs
and contribute $52.2 million over three years to local economy in a
city struggling w/ 12% unemployment rate. Elliot Ferguson states,
"…it’s a great opportunity to capitalize on groups that will be
coming to Washington [to get legally married]." (LL Issue 114 pg.11)
"Washington State Senate Passes
Anti-bullying Law" Olympia, WA. This month, Washington’s State
Senate passed anti-bullying law that includes protection for LGBT
students. Bill passes with vote of 48-0. Bill will create
anti-harassment policies in schools across Washington State. (LL
Issue 114 pg.11)
BRIEFS ON ACTIONS AND HEADLINES
ON ‘DON’T ASK DON’T TELL (DADT):
DADT votes are too close to call as
House and Senate Panel eye repeal; Rep. Patrick Murphy (D-PA)
led fight to repeal in the House. (UT 05/24/2010 p. A4)
DADT repeal clears House with 234-194
vote to overturn military’s policy on gays. (UT 05/28/2010 p.
Admiral Mullen, Head of Joint Chiefs
says House rushed vote to repeal DADT. Ideally Pentagon would
have preferred that legislation not occur until the military
review is completed on December 1st, 2010. (UT 05/31/2010 p. A3)
Defense Secretary Gates asks military
to take DADT survey; poll emailed 400,000 military personnel for
their opinion. (UT 07/09/2010 p. A4)
GOP blocks bid to end DADT in Senate;
Democrats hope to revive repeal effort after election. (UT
09/22/2010 p. A1)
U.S. District Court Judge Virginia A.
Phillips in Riverside CA issues injunction against enforcement
of DADT — but is accused by some of judicial activism. (UT
10/15/2010 p. A1)
Government seeks stay in DADT case;
Obama Administration claims immediate ban of gay policy would
disrupt U.S. military. (UT 10/15/2010 p. A4)
Pentagon warns gays: troops could
still get in trouble if they disclose sexual orientation. (UT
10/16/2010 p. A6)
Judge Phillips likely to deny request
for delay on gay troops order; she claims government has not
proved ruling would harm military. (UT 10/19/2010 p. A4)
Military takes gay applicants;
Pentagon tells recruits to accept enlistments in light of Court
rulings. (UT 10/20/2010 A1)
9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals
issues stay in DADT case. (UT 10/21/2010 p. A1)
Pentagon revives DADT with
restrictions: only five senior military officials will be able
to discharge openly gay service members. (UT 10/22/2010 p. A4)
Military Ministers warn to not repeal DADT; dozens sign letter concerned about conflict in beliefs.
(UT 10/30/2010 p. A6)
Pentagon DADT survey leak shows most
troops support allowing gays to serve openly in military; leak
could alter DADT debate. (UT 10/30/2010 p. A1)
Partial Source: GLTimes, Published Thursday,