Collecting, Preserving and Teaching  
LGBT History of San Diego  
Timelines
LGBT - Local
LGBT - National
Transgender
Marriage
 
Main Menu
Welcome
Special Events
About the Archives
Adopt A Box
Contact Us
Financial Support
Historic Sites Project
History by the Numbers
LGBT Collections
LGBT Library
Links of Interest
Location
Material Donations
Memberships
Newsletters
Office Hours
Projects in Progress
Timelines
Volunteer Opportunities
Archives Honorees
Wall of Honor
Search the Archives
1952 - 2010
1952
Ex-GI Christine Jorgensen undergoes male to female sexual reassignment surgery.
 
1961
WWII Veteran Jose Julio Sarria  becomes first openly gay candidate for public office in USA.
 
1965
International Imperial Court established.
 
1968
Dishonorable discharge of Diane Pierce, lesbian, overturned due to outstanding Naval record.
 
1969
Stonewall Riots in NYC launched the modern LGBT Equality movement.
 
DignityUSA, national LGBT Catholic organization, is founded in San Diego by Augustinian priest Patrick X. Nidorf.
 
1979
The National March on Washington for Lesbian and Gay Rights was a large political rally that took place in Washington, D.C. on October 14, 1979. The first such march on Washington, it drew between 75,000 and 125,000 gay men, lesbians, bisexuals, transgender people, and straight allies to demand equal civil rights and urge the passage of protective civil rights legislation.
 
1988
The U.S. Congress passes legislation to provide $1.1 billion for AIDS research and education.
 
1989
Oct. 1, 1989: Eigil and Axel Axgil in Denmark become the first legally married same-sex couple in the world.
 
The AIDS Quilt returns to Washington, D.C. – now with more than 11,000 panels.
Sept. 29, 1989: Governor Pete Wilson goes back on his promise and vetoes gay-rights bill A.B. 101, sparking the subsequent “October Revolution” in cities up and down the state of California.
 
1990
April 8, 1990: Ryan White, a 12-year-old who changed the face of AIDS, dies.
ACT Up activists are arrested across the nation.
 
1991
Nov. 7, 1991: Earvin “Magic” Johnson, Los Angeles Lakers point guard, discloses his HIV-positive status.
 
1992
May 19, 1992: Gay officers appear on “Nightline” during the height of military “gay witch hunt.”
 
1993
April 25, 1993: 300,000 protestors March on Washington, D.C., for GLBT rights.
July 19, 1993: President Clinton announces his new policy on gays in the military called “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell.
Dec. 23, 1993: Philadelphia, starring Tom Hanks and Denzel Washington, premieres. The film goes on to be nominated for five academy awards. Tom Hanks wins for Best Actor and Bruce Springsteen for Best Song.
Dec. 31, 1993: Brandon Teena, transgender teen who was the subject of the movie Boys Don’t Cry, is raped and murdered.
 
1994
Feb. 12, 1994: “The Real World: San Francisco” debuts. The season is noted for having a cast member, Pedro Zamora, who is gay and living with AIDS.
Aug. 28, 1994: Japan celebrates its very first gay Pride parade.
Nov. 11, 1994: Pedro Zamora dies of AIDS complications only hours after last episode of “The Real World” airs.
 
1995
Feb. 24, 1995: Olympic gold-medal-winning diver Greg Louganis comes out as gay and HIV-positive during an interview with Barbara Walters.
Dec. 3, 1995: A Honolulu Circuit Court rules that the state cannot discriminate against same-sex couples in marriage.
 
1996
Feb. 26, 1996: California Senator Pete Knight, R-Palmdale, introduces SB 911, the California Defense of Marriage Act.
Aug. 15, 1996: Lesbian mom Sharon Bottoms gives up trying to regain custody of her son after a fierce three-year battle with the boy’s maternal grandmother.
 
1997
Nov. 1997: The introduction of protease inhibitors changes the face of the AIDS epidemic.
April 30, 1997: Ellen DeGeneres’ character comes out in her sitcom, “Ellen,” to an audience of 42 million.
July 15, 1997: Fashion designer Gianni Versace is shot to death in Florida by Andrew Cunanan, who was known locally in the Hillcrest GLBT community.
 
1998
May 28, 1998: President Clinton signs an executive order banning discrimination based on sexual orientation in the federal civilian workplace.
Sept. 21, 1998: “Will & Grace” premieres on NBC.
Oct. 11, 1998: Matthew Shepard, a 22-year-old gay University of Wyoming student, is brutally murdered.
Nov. 4, 1998: Democrat Tammy Baldwin of Wisconsin becomes the first openly gay or lesbian non-incumbent elected to the U.S. House of Representatives.
 
1999
Feb. 10, 1999: Jerry Falwell’s ultraconservative “National Liberty Journal” believes Tinky Winky, the purple Teletubby, is gay.
July 5, 1999: Army PFC Barry Winchell is fatally attacked with a baseball bat by his roommate in his Ft. Campbell, Ky., barracks.
Dec. 20, 1999: Vermont’s Superior Court rules that the state must provide same-sex couples with same benefits as straight married couples.
 
2000
March 7, 2000: California voters overwhelmingly pass Proposition 22, outlawing same-sex marriage.
Hilary Swank wins her first Best Actress Oscar for Boys Don’t Cry.
June 28, 2000: The U.S. Supreme Court rules that Boy Scouts of America has the right to ban gays from its ranks.
 
2001
April 1, 2001: The Netherlands becomes the first country to legalize same-sex marriage. It’s not an April Fool’s joke.
 
2002
Jan 2002: Nearly 140 gay and lesbian couples in California register as domestic partners when a new law takes effect that gives registered same-sex couples many of the same benefits as married couples.
March 2002: Pope John Paul II’s spokesperson Joaquin Navarro-Valls tells The New York Times that “people with [homosexual] inclinations just cannot be ordained” as priests.
March 2002: The Kansas supreme court rules that only marriages between “two parties who are of the opposite sex” are recognized by the state legislature. The case involves J’Noel Gardiner, a transgender woman who was seeking access to part of her late husband's estate. The court says Gardiner is not legally a woman and therefore cannot be married to a man.
Aug. 2002: AIDS Ride organizer Pallotta TeamWorks shuts its doors, laying off more than 250 employees.
 
2003
Jan. 30, 2003: Belgium becomes second nation to legalize same-sex marriage.
June 26, 2003: U.S. Supreme Court overturns all state sodomy laws in Lawrence v. Texas.
Sept. 19, 2003: California’s domestic partnership law is expanded.
 
2004
Feb. 14, 2004: San Francisco Mayor Gavin Newsom orders city officials to grant same-sex couples marriage licenses.
May 17, 2004: First couples get married in Massachusetts.
 
2005
July 3, 2005: Spain legalizes same-sex marriage despite intense pressure from the Vatican.
July 20, 2005: Same-sex marriage is legalized in all Canadian provinces.
 
2006
Nov. 30, 2006: South Africa legalizes same-sex marriage.
 
2007
Feb. 2007: Former NBA player John Amaechi publicly comes out. He is the first NBA player to publicly disclose he is gay.
Feb. 2007: New York City launches an official city condom with a subway theme. Health officials hope to reduce rates of STD transmission.
 
2008
 
2009
October 2009 –Nearly 150,000 same-sex couples reported being in marriage relationships last year. About 27% of estimated 564,743 total gay couples in U.S. said they were in a relationship akin to that of "husband/wife." Nationwide, about 56% of the 149,956 total same-sex marriages in the census survey last year were lesbian couples. (LL Issue 111 pg.8)

Bill allowing same-sex marriage in D.C. introduced in Congress. (GLT 10/8/2009 p. 16)

The Matthew Shepard and James Byrd, Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act, also known as the Matthew Shepard Act, is an American Act of Congress, passed on October 22, 2009, and signed into law by President Barack Obama on October 28, 2009

Tens of thousands of gay rights advocates march on D.C. on 10/10-10/11 2009. They marched from the White House to the Capitol demanding that President Obama keep his promise of allowing gays to serve openly in the military and work to end discrimination. Lt. Dan Choi, West Point graduate and Iraq war veteran, who is facing discharge under the "Don’t Ask Don’t Tell" policy was a speaker at the rally. (GLT 10/15/2009 p.16)

California governor creates a day honoring Harvey Milk. He is only the 2nd person in state history. John Muir was the 1st to gain such a distinction. Harvey Milk Day is to occur every May 22. (GLT 10/15/2009 p.16)

Windows Media, LLC. files for Ch 7 Bankruptcy. The company produced several LGBT publications including "Washington Blade" and "Atlantis Southern Voices." (GLT 11/19/2009 p. 8 editorial)

December - "Lesbian Bishop-elect finds support as well as controversy" Baltimore, MD. Election of Annapolis priest Mary Glasspool as the first openly lesbian bishop in the worldwide Anglican Communion drew stern rebuke from Archbishop of Canterbury. Glasspool is conscious and humbled by the symbolic nature of her election. (LL Issue 112 pg.9)

"DC City Council votes to legalize gay marriage" Washington, DC. City Council voted 11-2 on Dec. 15 to legalize gay marriage in the nation’s capitol. Gay couples could begin marrying as early as March. Congress has final say but Democratic leaders are reluctant to reject it. (LL Issue 112 pg.9)

"CA Gov. signs pro-gay bills." CA. Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger signed Senate Bill 54 requiring California to validate/recognize same-sex marriages performed outside of CA before Nov. 5, 2009 when CA voters approved Prop 8, which amended state constitution protecting heterosexual marriage. He also signed SB 572, establishing May 22 as Harvey Milk Day in public schools. (LL Issue 112 pg.9)

"Openly Lesbian Rabbi attends White House Hanukkah celebrations." Openly lesbian Senior Rabbi, Sharon Kleinbaum from New York attended White House Hanukkah reception Dec. 17 by invitation from President Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama. Congregation Beth Simchat Torah bills itself as largest synagogue for people of all sexual orientations/gender identities stating each person has "a unique and essential contribution to make to the life of Judaism and society." (LL Issue 112 pg.9)

Washington, DC City Council votes to legalize same-sex marriage in the U.S. capitol on Dec. 15. If the bill becomes law, the district will join Connecticut, Iowa, Massachusetts, and Vermont on issuing marriage licenses to same-sex couples. Mayor and Congress expected to approve law without opposition. (GLT 12/24/2009 p. 16)

Dennis DeLeon. President of the Latino Commission on AIDS, as well as the New York City Human Rights Commissioner dies at age 61. DeLeon was one of the first NYC officials to reveal HIV status. (GLT 12/24/2009 p.18)

Minneapolis assistant police Chief Sharon Lubinski becomes the first openly gay U.S. Marshal. Lubinski was confirmed by the U.S. Senate to be the U.S. Marshal for the Minnesota district. (GLT 12/31/2009 p.18)

2010

Annise ParkerJanuary - First openly gay Mayor in Houston TX., Annise Parker, sworn into office. Her election made the Texas city the largest in the U.S. to elect an openly gay Mayor. (GLT 01/07/2010 p.16)

Amanda Simpson becomes the first transgender appointee to the federal government for the Obama administration. Simpson is appointed to senior technical advisor with the Department of Commerce. (GLT 01/14/2010 p.16)

Hawaii Senate approves same-sex civil union bill with an 18-7 vote, moving the bill to the House of Representatives. (GLT 01/21/2010 p.16)

"Gays to serve openly with President and Congress approval." On Jan. 27, President Obama proclaimed during his State of the Union address, "This year, I will work w/ Congress and our military to finally repeal the law that denies gay Americans the right to serve the country they love because of who they are." Under "don’t ask, don’t tell" policy, military can’t ask and members can’t state their sexual orientation nor can they engage in homosexual activity or marry member of same sex. (LL Issue 113 pg.9)

February, 2010 - "Can gays raise healthy kids? US marriage trial asks" Washington, DC. Key question to Prop 8 is whether government, and U.S. voters have justification for denying marriage rights to same-sex couples based on healthier families or whether the ban actually perpetuates discrimination. Psychology Dept. @ Cambridge University stated children raised by same-sex couples develop just as well as those from heterosexual couples. Additionally, new study based on U.S. Census showed children raised by same-sex couples no more likely to be held back in school. (LL Issue 113 pg.9)

Hawaii lawmakers declined to vote on bill that would allow same-sex civil unions. State House leaders decided to indefinitely postpone decision. (GLT 02/04/2010 p.16)

March, 2010  – "Outrage: Johnny Weir Deemed Too Gay For Stars On Ice." GLAAD learned (anonymous source) the sponsor of Stars on Ice Tour refused to allow 3-time US Nat’l Champion and two-time Olympian Johnny Weir to participate because he is "not family friendly," a jab at his perceived sexual orientation. Weir is very closely involved w/ his family; putting his brother through college and supporting his family since his father’s disability prohibits him from working. (LL Issue 114 pg.11)

"Florida Gay Bar Pioneer Dies" Jacksonville. Roverta Boen, woman who opened northeast Florida’s first gay bar in 1964, died March 9 @ age 86. (LL Issue 114 pg.11)

"Hotel Owner Offers to Host Canceled Prom, Case Goes to Court" Louisiana. New Orleans hotel owner offered to host prom for Mississippi high school students whose dance was canceled due to lesbian student, Constance McMillen’s request to wear a tuxedo and bring girlfriend. ACLU demands school officials to change policy against same-sex prom dates, which violates free expression rights. (LL Issue 114 pg.11)

"Gay Marriages Expected to Create Jobs in D.C." As first same-sex couples married March 9, Washington D.C. now joins pioneer league in gay-rights movement. Study by Williams Institute predicts legalizing same-sex marriage will create 700 jobs and contribute $52.2 million over three years to local economy in a city struggling w/ 12% unemployment rate. Elliot Ferguson states, "…it’s a great opportunity to capitalize on groups that will be coming to Washington [to get legally married]." (LL Issue 114 pg.11)

"Washington State Senate Passes Anti-bullying Law" Olympia, WA. This month, Washington’s State Senate passed anti-bullying law that includes protection for LGBT students. Bill passes with vote of 48-0. Bill will create anti-harassment policies in schools across Washington State. (LL Issue 114 pg.11)

Dec 2010 - US Senate Repeals Ban Against Openly Gay Military Personnel


BRIEFS ON ACTIONS AND HEADLINES ON ‘DON’T ASK DON’T TELL (DADT):

  • DADT votes are too close to call as House and Senate Panel eye repeal; Rep. Patrick Murphy (D-PA) led fight to repeal in the House. (UT 05/24/2010 p. A4)
  • DADT repeal clears House with 234-194 vote to overturn military’s policy on gays. (UT 05/28/2010 p. A4)
  • Admiral Mullen, Head of Joint Chiefs says House rushed vote to repeal DADT. Ideally Pentagon would have preferred that legislation not occur until the military review is completed on December 1st, 2010. (UT 05/31/2010 p. A3)
  • Defense Secretary Gates asks military to take DADT survey; poll emailed 400,000 military personnel for their opinion. (UT 07/09/2010 p. A4)
  • GOP blocks bid to end DADT in Senate; Democrats hope to revive repeal effort after election. (UT 09/22/2010 p. A1)
  • U.S. District Court Judge Virginia A. Phillips in Riverside CA issues injunction against enforcement of DADT — but is accused by some of judicial activism. (UT 10/15/2010 p. A1)
  • Government seeks stay in DADT case; Obama Administration claims immediate ban of gay policy would disrupt U.S. military. (UT 10/15/2010 p. A4)
  • Pentagon warns gays: troops could still get in trouble if they disclose sexual orientation. (UT 10/16/2010 p. A6)
  • Judge Phillips likely to deny request for delay on gay troops order; she claims government has not proved ruling would harm military. (UT 10/19/2010 p. A4)

  • Military takes gay applicants; Pentagon tells recruits to accept enlistments in light of Court rulings. (UT 10/20/2010 A1)

  • 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals issues stay in DADT case. (UT 10/21/2010 p. A1)

  • Pentagon revives DADT with restrictions: only five senior military officials will be able to discharge openly gay service members. (UT 10/22/2010 p. A4)

  • Military Ministers warn to not repeal DADT; dozens sign letter concerned about conflict in beliefs. (UT 10/30/2010 p. A6)

  • Pentagon DADT survey leak shows most troops support allowing gays to serve openly in military; leak could alter DADT debate. (UT 10/30/2010 p. A1)
 
Partial Source:  GLTimes, Published Thursday, 22-Feb-2007 in issue 1000

Back to Top